Write Microbiology Essay (DIAMOND)

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BIOL 2117 Introduction to Microbiology

FALL 2020



Choose a disease or other condition affecting the system being studied: Integumentary, Nervous, Cardiovascular, Lymphatic, Respiratory, gastrointestinal, and genitourinary. Research the disease using the library, the internet and/or textbooks available in class.


Disease are homeostatic imbalances. The focus of your research should be on diseases caused by microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, etc.) You should describe the state of a healthy individual with that of an individual who is affected with the disease. (How is homeostasis out of balance?) Use and explain as many terms and concepts learned in class. Microbiology is the most important part of you research and should be woven into all parts of your paper.



Introduction – Introduce the disease with a general description of what it is.

Statistics – Include statistics that describe how common the disease/disorder is. Also, include information if its occurrence is more commonly found in certain populations. (For example: more commonly found in woman or Asian Americans)

Signs and Symptoms – Describe the signs and symptoms, providing a brief explanation of any sign or symptom that is not self-explanatory.

CauseExplain how the cause (if known) of the disease/disorder produces the signs and symptoms. Be specific as possible. Possibilities include inflammation, infection, abnormal cell growth, heredity, malnutrition, environmental factors, or stress. In some cases, the disease may be idiopathic (no known cause).

Prevention – If the disease can be prevented, explain how. If not, explain why it cannot be prevented (you reason will probably refer to the cause of the disease).

Diagnosis – List all procedures that can be used to determine if a person has the disease. Procedures may include laboratory tests, diagnostic imaging techniques (such as MRI), biopsy, and physical examination, asking the patient questions about their symptoms, family history, and other. You must provide an explanation of each procedure, specifically describing what signs the doctor is looking for. Always try to connect the diagnosis to the cause and /or symptoms of the disease.

Complications – Are there any complications that may develop in a person suffering from the disease? Explain how the complication affect the patient.

Treatment Options– List all treatments that can be used to help the patient. Treatments may include medication, lifestyle changes, surgery, physical therapy, and others. You must provide a brief explanation of each type of treatment, specifically describing what signs or symptoms the treatment is designed to alleviate. Be specific as possible.

Prognosis – Describe the typical outcome of the disease. Include the changes for complete recovery, if there is any permanent loss of function, or possibility of death.


Your paper should be three to five pages in length, typed in a standard font, have standard margins (1” to 1.25”) and follow all standards for written English (spelling, grammar, etc.). You may organize your paper however you like, as long as it is logical and includes all required information.

You must use at least three sources in your research. You must include a bibliography at the end of your paper, listing each reference used according to the format provided below.

PLAGIARISM IS UNACCEPTABLE. If you do not write your paper in your own words, you will receive a zero for the assignment and a meeting with the administration will be arranged.

Formatting the Bibliography:

Always underline the title of the work cited.

Alphabetize by the author’s last name.

If there is no author, alphabetize by title.

Always indent the second or third lines (5 space indent)

Always leave 1 space after commas and 2 spaces after periods and colons.

Follow these examples:(see next page)

An article from an internet site:

Cain, K. (2012, June 29). The Negative effects of Facebook on communication. Social Media Today RSS. Retrieved from http://socialmediatoday.com

For a book with one author:

Chatterjee, Partha. The Black Hole of Empire: History of a Global Practice of Power.

Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2012

For a book with two authors:

Garrett-Petts, W.F., James F. Hoffman, and Ginny Ratsoy, eds. Whose Culture Is It,
Anyway?: Community Engagement in Small Cities. Vancouver, BC:
New Star Books, 2014.

For a book with no author:

Duncan, G. J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (Eds.). (1997). Consequences of growing up poor. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.

A signed article in an encyclopedia:

O’Neil, J. M., & Egan, J. (1992). Men’s and women’s gender role journeys: A metaphor for healing, transition, and transformation. In B. R. Wainrib (Ed.), Gender issues across the life cycle (pp. 107-123). New York, NY: Springer.

An unsigned article in an encyclopedia:

“Mandarin.” Encyclopedia Americana. 1991 ed.

An article in a magazine:

Jaeger, J. (2010, August). Social media use in the financial industry. Compliance Week, 54.

An article in a newspaper:

Lewis, S. (2015) ‘Rainbow support for York pride’, The Press, York, 18 June, p.6.

An article from a CD-ROM:

Soils. (1999). Geographica on CD ROM. [CD ROM]. Melbourne, Australia: Random House.


There will be NO excuses for late research assignments. Each day it is late, your grade will go down 10%.

Your paper will be worth 10% of your grade.

40 points for adequate and accurate discussion of microbiology throughout

40 points for content:

~ 5 points for statistics

~ 5 points for the signs and symptoms

~ 5 points for the cause

~ 5 points for the prevention

~ 5 points for the diagnosis

~ 5 points for complications

~ 5 points for treatment options

~ 5 points for prognosis

10 points for mechanics and format

10 Points for the bibliography