What plan of care you will create for the patient with heart failure

Write a short essay discussing what plan of care you will create for the patient with heart failure. Your paper should include a title page and at least 3 references.

What plan of care you will create for the patient with heart failure

Write a short essay discussing what plan of care you will create for the patient with heart failure. Your paper should include a title page and at least 3 references. Minimum word count is 1000 words.

Include the following in your essay:
Firstly, briefly explain pathophysiology between right and left heart failure.

Secondly, explain what diagnostic testing is use for heart failure.

Thirdly, provide the risk factors.

Fourthly, provide the clinical manifestations.

Also, provide 2 nursing diagnosis using the NANDA format NANDA (2012) NANDA Nursing Diagnosis List.

Additionally, provide 3 expected outcomes.

Moreover, provide 4 nursing interventions.

Finally, conclude your paper by discussing how you will evaluate your plan of care.

More details;

Heart failure (HF) professionals are managing an older population with multiple, often interconnected comorbidities. The average age of the HF patient has increased substantially and many have a number of comorbidities. For the older HF patient, diligent planning of care has the potential to reduce hospitalization, improve quality of life and mortality; nevertheless, this vital component is often overlook. Frailty, cachexia, sarcopenia, and cognitive impairment are all common in the older HF patient and require special care considerations.

Many older HF patients live for many years with troublesome symptoms that could be better address through the incorporation of a palliative approach to care. Effective care plans can help patients maximize their health potential through both lifestyle and pharmacological interventions. However, current evidence remains scarce on what constitutes an optimal plan, therefore further studies are urgently needed. We review the care that could be implemented for the complex older HF patient with comorbidities.