The use of labels to describe exceptional children has both positive and negative consequences. Discuss those consequences in terms of their impact on the students and the regular classroom teacher.
The use of labels to describe exceptional children has both positive
Carlos Albizu University
Educational Psychology Final Exam
1) The use of labels to describe exceptional children has both positive and negative consequences. Discuss those consequences in terms of their impact on the students and the regular classroom teacher.
2) Helen is a student in your class. You think she may be gifted enough to warrant special treatment. Describe the measures you might use to assess her and the way you should instruct her.
3) Using the models of intelligence given by the text as a guide, define what is meant by intelligence. What are some factors that affect the reliability of intelligence tests?
4) Define what generally constitutes an emotional behavior disorder. Describe four out of the six categories of disorders presented in Woolfolk’s text.
5) The period considered to be the most sensitive for language development occurs.
A) after puberty.
B) about the time of puberty.
C) during the first year of life.
D) during the preschool years.
6) The area of language that specifically deals with the ordering of words is called
7) Generally, students are not ready to study the rules of a language formally until about age five. This is when most students have started to gain
B) metalinguistic awareness.
C) semantic speech.
8) Which one of the following statements is TRUE?
A) Preschool children’s oral language skills plays an important role in predicting reading in the transition to school.
B) Preschool teachers are encouraged to teach code skills before oral language skills in order to promotes reaching achievement.
C) Oral language has been found to interfere with preschool children’s reading fluency.
D) There has been no research on understanding the relations between oral language, code skills, and reading achievement.
9) The rules and traditions that guide the behavior of a group comprise its.
B) ethnic heritage.
C) racial identity.
D) social status.
10) Which one of the following statements is technically TRUE regarding the term minority group?
A) It is a category composed of people who have biologically transmitted traits.
B) It is a term that refers to a numerical minority compared to the total population.
C) It refers to a group of people who receives unequal or discriminatory treatment.
D) The number of these groups is decreasing slightly in nearly every one of the states.
11) Which one of the following quotations MOST clearly represents the concept of stereotyping?
A) “Boys should line up to the right and girls to the left.”
B) “If he’s one of your friends, tell him not to apply.”
C) “Matthew just doesn’t seem interested in spelling.”
D) “People from that region just aren’t ambitious.”
12) Behavioral theories of learning emphasize.
B) nature over nurture.
C) observable actions.
A) a negative and a positive stimulus.
B) emotion and behavior.
C) two events through pairing.
D) two events through reinforcement.
14) During music class, Lisa enthusiastically sings aloud with her class, but the teacher comments, “Lisa, please…you sound like an owl in a torture chamber.” Lisa turns bright red. The next week she feels ill when it is time to go to music class again. Feeling anxiety at the prospect of going to music class is an example of.
A) an unconditioned stimulus.
B) classical conditioning.
C) cognitive learning.
D) social learning.
15) In an experiment, an electric can opener is used to open a can, and no salivation by the subject is detected. After a number of pairings between the can opener’s operation and food, any time the can opener is used, the subject salivates. The conditioned response in this study is the.
A) can opener.
C) salivation to the can opener.
D) salivation to the food.
16) Give classroom-related examples of how teacher attention can increase a particular desirable student behavior and an undesirable student behavior.
17) What is functional behavioral assessment (FBA) and how would a teacher use FBA?
18) Compared to the behavioristic orientation, the cognitive perspective recognizes people as what type of learners?
19) In the cognitive approach to learning, learning.
A) depends a great deal on individual perception.
B) is dependent on elicited responses.
C) is determined by acquired traits.
D) is primarily a consequence of other people’s actions.
20) A jogger is startled by the feeling of a moving object on his right side. It could have been a ferocious dog, but it turns out to be a newspaper page blown by the wind. What memory component was most directly involved?
C) Sensory memory
D) Working memory
Bonus question!!! (10 points)
21) Describe what is meant by the “cognitive perspective” and discuss how this perspective differs from behavioral orientations to learning.