Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) are essential as they fulfill a purpose that is traditionally addressed by a government (Balteanu & Marcu, 2014).
Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) are essential as they fulfill
1) Political Instability-Challenges and Opportunities
Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) are essential as they fulfill a purpose that is traditionally addressed by a government (Balteanu & Marcu, 2014). In order for an NGO to be impactful and serve its purpose, it will require support and involvement from those it has been organized to help, as well as maintain financial and management autonomy, devoid of the governmental influence (Johnson & Stoskopf, 2010).
Political and social instability has made it difficult for NGO’s to fulfill their purpose to meet the needs of the communities they have pin pointed as their focus (Balteanu & Marcu). During unrest experienced by many countries, residents who need shelter, food, and medical care, benefit from what NGO’s to provide (Balteanu & Marcu). Without the government, military, or religious backing of the NGO’s purpose, the NGO will not be able to fulfil its intent (Balteanu & Marcu).
Resident of unstable regions throughout the world, are without food, shelter, and medical care. This is due to the preoccupation with control. Whether through the government, military, or religious factions. The unstable governments within these regions are either unwilling or unable to care for the needs of their citizens. Additionally, they have taken away their ability to care for themselves. NGO’s have the ability to provide for the needs of the people and help them sustain, if allowed.
In general, what is the impact of political and social instability on non-government organizations?
2) International Healthcare Systems and Mortality Rates
Many developed countries have had great success in controlling communicable diseases. Thus, increasing life expectancy, which creates a larger aging population living with non-communicable diseases. The rising number of people living longer with non-communicable diseases is creating concern over healthcare spending across the globe. Especially, with new developments in medical technology and treatments that are more costly to treat these conditions (National Institute, 2014). “Per capita expenditures on health care are relatively high among older age groups” (National Institute, 2014, para.1).
In addition to the rising cost of healthcare services in relation to the aging population, there have been economic losses associated with rising rates of chronic conditions. Such as heart disease and diabetes, as high as 1 billion in countries such as China and India (National Institute, 2014). Ultimately, the increase in non-communicable diseases across the globe. Also, the populations living longer with these conditions. Due to medical advancements will place strain on healthcare systems across the globe in terms of cost, access to care and quality care delivered (National Institute, 2014).
How is the transition from communicable to non-communicable diseases a major cause of morbidity. Further, mortality impacting the sustainability of healthcare systems in developing countries?