Identify analgesics appropriate to manage 3 different types of pain? i.e. nerve, soft tissue, organ injury or capsular.
Identify analgesics appropriate to manage 3 different types of pain?
To understand the symptom of pain, you must understand the specific pathways and which
Neurotransmitters are responsible, to inform on the appropriate management.
Firstly, Your task is to identify these pathways.
Secondly, Identify analgesics appropriate to manage 3 different types of pain? i.e. nerve, soft tissue, organ injury or capsular.
Thirdly, Discuss the mechanisms of actions of these analgesics?
Fourthly, Name the targeted receptors for opioids
Fifthly, Identify contraindications and practice points you should be aware of when administering opioids
Further, Name the types of adjutant therapy required in managing opioid-induced cluster symptoms
Moreover, Discuss the purpose of using a pain scale and/or validated pain tools for children and the elderly?
Please consider these questions over the first few weeks of the course and we will discuss your answers on blackboard.
What is pain and how does it work?
Pain is usually transitory, lasting only until the noxious stimulus is removed or the underlying damage or pathology has healed, but some painful conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, peripheral neuropathy, cancer and idiopathic pain, may persist for years. Pain that lasts a long time is called chronic or persistent, and pain that resolves quickly is called acute.
Traditionally, the distinction between acute and chronic pain has relied upon an arbitrary interval of time between onset and resolution; the two most commonly used markers being 3 months and 6 months since the onset of pain, though some theorists and researchers have placed the transition from acute to chronic pain at 12 months. Others apply acute to pain that lasts less than 30 days, chronic to pain of more than six months’ duration, and subacute to pain that lasts from one to six months. A popular alternative definition of chronic pain, involving no arbitrarily fixed duration, is “pain that extends beyond the expected period of healing”. Chronic pain may be classified as cancer pain or else as benign.