You will write a brief 1000-1250 word (4- to 5-page) research essay for this course, employing outside secondary sources. It is due by 11:59 p.m. on the due date specified in the syllabus. You must submit your paper as an attachment. Please note that I cannot open files OTHER than doc, docx, or pdf. All of your papers should be double-spaced, with one-inch margins and in ten- or twelve-point type. Your papers should be carefully composed, well-organized, and proofread. You will lose points for excessive grammar and spelling errors. You must include endnotes or footnotes and a bibliography, both in the Chicago style. I realize that many of you are not familiar with this citation style. However, it is standard in history and I require that you use it—you will lose points from your essay if you do not. You should also refer to the Chicago Manual of Style’s online guide, which you can find at: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html (Links to an external site.) (Links to an external site.) And you can type “Chicago Style Footnotes” and/or “Chicago Style Bibliography” into YouTube and find a variety of videos explaining the mechanics of Chicago footnotes. I like: Chicago Style Citation Formats: Chicago Citations for Footnotes & Endnotes (Links to an external site.) (Links to an external site.) Minimize Video It is just one of many—look around and find the one that helps you the most. Sources You must use at least THREE reputable, peer-reviewed outside sources that are not assigned as part of the class reading. To learn about peer-reviewed sources, look at: http://library.sdsu.edu/reference/research/peer-reviewed-articles (Links to an external site.) (Links to an external site.) You should use books from the library, or articles from scholarly journals, both of which you can access through the library’s article databases. To access those databases, go to: https://www.deltacollege.edu/academics/library/library-catalog/electronic-databases (Links to an external site.) (Links to an external site.) There are a number of types of sources I do not want to see. You MAY NOT USE module material, the textbook, any general encyclopedias (online or otherwise), or non-academic websites. You will lose points if you do not use enough sources or you use improper sources. Stylistic Tips Do not include the phrase, “According to the dictionary, x is…” Do not use the first person (“I,” “me,” etc.) or the second person (“you”). This is a formal essay. If you need to use a pronoun, it should be the indefinite “one.” Do not refer to any historical person, male or female, by his or her first name. Do not use contractions. Do not use lengthy quotes—these are brief papers. Penalties If your paper is short of the 100-word minimum length (excluding the title page and bibliography), you will lose 1 point per missing 100 words. If you do not write on an approved topic, you will receive a zero. If you plagiarize even part of your paper, you will receive a zero.