To answer the question, you will draw your discussion from the ideas and examples from the academic sources listed beneath the separate research topics. Along with the provided sources, your essay can and should use course materials and readings (lecture slides, other articles, textbook, etc.) to support your answer. Your essay may use the Flew and Smith textbook, and other course readings, to support the claims you are making. You are expected to use APA Style for citations. Every essay should include citation and direct quotation to support and supplement the claims and arguments being made by your essay. It is important to support your arguments and claims with reference to the secondary sources and research.Your essay must explicitly address and integrate the main topics, concepts, themes and concerns of this course.