FGCU Wildlife Conservation and Non Human Primates Questions

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1.The study of non-human primates, especially the Great Apes, relate to Dr. Leakey’s quest are as follows

The great apes are the closest animal relatives to human beings, sharing some 95% of our DNA.Human beings and the great apes branched off from a common ancestor four to seven million years ago.By going back up the evolutionary tree and finding out what we have in common with these animals, we will know more about ourselves.

2.Dian Fossey follows her thirteen years of studying gorillas in the remote forests of Rwanda. She focuses on eight families of gorillas; over the years, she develops a genuine connection to several of them. Fossey called her statergy as “active conservation.” by wearing masks, she scared off poachers, burned snares and spray-painted cattle to discourage herders from having them graze inside a national park.

3.The gorillas poached for different purposes such are: Food, Bush meat trade and traditional medicines. … As Bush meat trade, gorillas have been killed to primarily in the supply of high demand of meat in urban centers, where the consumptions of the ape meat is considered to the prestigious among the wealthy elite.

4. The critically endangered species of Orangutans, native to Indonesia and Malaysia, are ranged throughout Southeast Asia and South China. From a total of 230,000, the number of the species has reduced to 104,700 in Borneo rainforests and 7,500 in Sumatra rainforests within a century.

The government and various organizations have been working on conserving orangutans by introducing laws and regulations as laws introduced dating from 1931 prohibit owning, capturing, and killing of the species. Conserving their habitats, antipoaching, encouraging sustainable forestry and agriculture, curtailing pet trade has also helped in diminishing the threat to the species.

Although the indiscriminate deforestation, climate change, and expanding urbanization have resulted in the loss of habitat; as they make their nests in trees, unavailability of food and water; as they feast on lychees and figs, and halted reproduction. Also, as a fact that orangutans reproduce once in 3-5 years, it has become even harder to revive the orangutan population.

As governments are acquainting capitalism to contribute into the economy of the country and capitalists are more bothered about profit, there is barely anyone speaking on the conservation of wildlife, thus no new laws and regulations are actively proposed in order to conserve the ecosystem.
With the increasing capitalist approach, the demand for the flesh, wood (timber), palm oil, and water has augmented indiscriminately and is costing wildlife its existence.
A report by WWF says, there has been a 60% decline in the wild fauna population since 1970 and the root cause seems to be the capitalist approach of political entities.

Organization and wildlife conservation authorities are working with TRAFFIC, a wildlife trade monitoring network helps govt in enforcing the ban on animal trading and orangutan products, helping to rescue trafficked orangutans. These organizations also let you adopt orangutans so that every animal gets funding for its grooming.

There could be more options in safeguarding ‘the man of the forest‘ (the meaning of orangutan) such as avoiding palm oil and animal products, promoting an eco-friendly lifestyle, and shifting to vegetarianismcould do wonders in improving the situation of Orangutans and other animals as well.