Criminal justice classes

Can you help me understand this Law question?

Explain how courts “balance” the rights of public sector employees against the needs of their employers. Provide examples.

What legal advice would you offer the CEO of a police department or corrections facility with regard to “the law” as it relates to making, changing, or enforcing departmental policy relating to employment conditions?

What is the Connick/Pickering test? Why is it important to criminal justice practitioners?

Which federal labor law should criminal justice managers be most concerned about? Least?

Which aspect of administrative/employment law was the most difficult to comprehend? Why?