I need an explanation for this History question to help me study.
This assignment is based on demise of Roman government and democracy. For the two attached documents, I’ve attached “first” and “second” PDF files down below the question, which should be read before answering the question. Please read the question carefully and answer them thoroughly as well. The response should not be longer than 2 pages at most.
This week we continue our examination of the demise of democracy in the Roman Republic. The reading assignment comprises two parts. The first includes excerpts of ancient works on the five decades between the Social War and the death of Julius Caesar. During this period, the republic experienced crises that undermined its democratic system but also attempted reforms.
The second is a summary of the history of the republic from Tiberius Gracchus to Julius Caesar. You are already familiar with some of the events; others we will cover in next week’s lectures. This part is meant to solidify your grasp of the narrative and fill it with details.
As you complete the reading and contemplate the fall of the republic, keep in mind that we enjoy the benefit of hindsight in knowing what eventually happened; the Romans themselves did not. With this realization in mind, when, would you say, did the republic begin to decline? At which point was there no return? Who was the most responsible? Was the republic doomed to fail? If you were in Rome at the time, how would you react to the crises? What solutions would you support or oppose?
Naphtali Lewis and Meyer Reinhold, eds., Roman Civilization Selected Readings: Volume I, The Republic and the Augustan Age, 3rd ed. (New York: Columbia University Press, 1990).
Jürgen von Ungern-Sternberg, “The Crisis of the Republic,” in The Cambridge Companion to the Roman Republic, ed. Harriet I. Flower, 2nd ed. (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014).